BENEFITS OF ESSENTIALS
CHOOSE THE RIGHT PRODUCT
IMPORTANCE OF NUTRIENT STEWARDSHIP
SYSTEM OF CHEMTRITION
Managing Crop Stress
Importance of Soil Sampling
Benefits of Essential Nutrients
UFA Essential Nutrients:
- Utilize application methods (seed- or foliar-applied) that maximize nutrient uptake
- Are highly soluble
- Require less energy for the plant to absorb and uptake nutrients due to smaller molecules
- Contain proprietary, naturally derived metabolic activators which enhance the plant’s ability to maximize growth and production
- Allows plants to conserve energy while absorbing nutrients
- Contain Transit-S, a patented technology that works in the plant to drive respiration and enhance expression of genetic potential
- Are tank-mixable with most crop protection products*
*Please ask your local UFA CAM about compatibilities or conduct your own jar test before spraying.
Choose the right product
UFA Essential Nutrient products were created for the farmer who wants to achieve the best return from every acre. Not all products are created equally, when choosing the right product, it’s important to consider:
Smaller molecules are better as they require less energy for the plant to absorb and uptake nutrients.
The more soluble, the better entry into the plant and the less energy the plant requires to metabolize the nutrients.
Nutrients need to be delivered in a usable form for maximum efficiency.
Importance of nutrient stewardship
The right source, right rate, right time and right place.
- Some nutrient are immobile. For example, zinc needs to be close to the seed in order for it
to be absorbed by the seedling.
Seed applied products like UFA’s Amplify® ensures those nutrients are placed where needed and are in a soluble form, allowing easy uptake, even in harsh growing conditions.
- Different forms of essential nutrients should be applied in different ways. A universal product in one form for both soil and foliar applications is not ideal because modes of uptake are different.
- Essential nutrients are needed in different amounts at different growth phases or times.
Seed applied essential nutrients support root development and plant health. Application of essential nutrition at flowering is critical for maximum head and/or pod fill.
- As much as 200 – 400 per cent more non-mobile nutrients are needed in the reproductive parts
of the plant than within the leaf. The plant at flowering time does not use water at the same
rate it does during early growth, reducing availability from the soil.
A foliar supplement plan with Magnify® and Multiply® can deliver those essential nutrients required in the reproductive parts at the top of the plant when water movement from the roots decreases.
Talk to your local UFA Customer Account Manager (CAM) about our unique Guaranteed Performance.
System of Chemtrition
UFA Essential Nutrition products have been designed as a three-stage process known as the ‘System of Chemtrition®’. They work in tandem with your seed protection, herbicide and fungicide to deliver essential nutrients throughout the plant’s life cycle. The products are designed to be applied at the right time and in the right form to maximize plant development.
- Designed specifically for each crop: cereals, canola and pulse.
- Formulated to deliver critical nutrients in the proper ratio to the plant.
Are your crops stressed?
Imagine you’re out in the field scouting your young canola crop. It’s been, say, three or four weeks since you seeded and you want to have a look at it before you make that first spray pass – just to check what’s happening, what insects or disease might be there, assess crop staging, make sure you have the right stuff to put in the tank. You know – the usual.
Now let’s say you notice some wilting here and there. Or maybe there’s one area where the plants seem a bit behind the rest of the field. Is that a seeding issue, or are the plants stressed in some way?
Diagnosing a problem accurately is half the battle when it comes to fixing it. The other half is being prepared with the right solution for the right problem. As you scout crops before spraying, ask yourself key questions, such as:
- How widespread is the problem? Field-wide, or is there some kind of pattern?
- What parts of the plants are affected, and what does the damage look like?
- What’s the disease/insect history of the field?
- Can you see and identify any disease or insect pests?
- Does this variety have any particular susceptibilities? Is it cold hardy, for example, or drought tolerant?
Plant stress from disease or insects is usually fairly easy to determine and chemical solutions straightforward. BUT keep in mind that symptoms of nutrient deficiency can look very similar to disease symptoms, and knowing your field history is important when diagnosing a problem.
Abiotic stressors – such as soil and air temperatures, frost, hail, too much or too little rain – present a different challenge. What can you do about the weather, after all? Perhaps nothing, but you can do something about plant health and recovery from stressful situations, even after crop emergence.
Nutrition and stress
It’s a simple premise, and a true one, that strong and healthy plants are better able to overcome environmental stressors.
You already take care of your crops’ macronutrient needs with customized fertilizer plans. But more and more farmers are realizing that plant nutrition doesn’t stop with N, P, K and S and that strategically including micronutrients in an overall nutrition plan can boost plant nutrition and health throughout the season for a better overall outcome.
That’s because foliar applied micronutrients let you react immediately when a scouting trip reveals crop stress in the field. Or, if you know there’s a history of disease or nutrient imbalance in a field, you can proactively apply micronutrients to maximize yield potential.
Included with a herbicide or fungicide application, they deliver key nutrients plants need to recover from a cold snap or even hail damage by improving nutrient uptake and plant metabolism – kind of like a booster shot to help a stressed crop get back on its feet again.
A complete nutritional plan
Micronutrients work hand-in-hand with your macronutrient plan. Whether you’re growing canola, cereals or pulses, proper levels of fertilizer put down at seeding is critical to getting crops the food they need to get going.
Micronutrients can then be used to help improve plant health throughout the season, and give crops the nutrition they need to cope with weather events, and improve overall field performance and yield.
So get out there and scout regularly throughout the season, and keep an eye out for signs of crop stress with the knowledge that, if you see it, there is something you can do about it right now.
Soil sampling: Step 1 in your nutrient plan
It goes without saying that a good crop nutrition plan starts with finding out what nutrients are already ready and waiting in the soil. The nutrient reserves there serve as a baseline for the macro- and micronutrient levels accessible to your crop over the year.
The key word is “baseline”. Soil nutrient levels change over time, depending on what crop was last grown on a field, if there has been flooding or fire and so on.
Collecting soils samples annually for two to three years will give you a good baseline measure of what nutrients are in the soil, and how those levels may or may not vary across the field. Once you know that, you can build a crop nutrition plan that makes sense for your crop throughout the year.
The quality of this baseline knowledge, and therefore its reliability, depends entirely on getting good, accurate soil samples from across the field. Things to consider include:
- Field topography – have a strategy to cover all growing areas.
- Sampling depth – samples taken from 6, 12 and 24 inches provide the most comprehensive results.
- Equipment – coring tools vs. corkscrew-type tools.
- Timing – fall sampling just before freeze up is as reliable as spring sampling.
Build a year-round nutrient management plan
Plants need certain nutrients at different stages during their life cycle. Design your nutrient management program to ensure your crop gets what it needs, when it needs it and where it needs it.
Germination and emergence. Proper soil sampling gives you the broad strokes in terms of what the crop needs to get out of the ground and get going. If soil testing indicates some nutrients are missing or are not in a plant-available form, use a seed-applied micronutrient product that can place nutrients right on the seed in a soluble form.
Early plant development. Plants use a lot of energy through their vegetative period and physical signs of nutrient deficiency, such as wilting or yellowing, are very similar to signs of disease. This can lead to potentially costly misdiagnoses – something that can be avoided entirely when your nutrient plan includes foliar-applied micronutrients.
Magnify, for example, applied at herbicide timing helps maximize root and seedling development and prevent seedlings from stalling due to environmental factors, like cold weather, and reduces the chance of a misdiagnosis.
Flower and seed set. At this stage, plants use less water, which means that the soil nutrients you tested for early in the season are not as available to the plant. Getting essential nutrients to the reproductive parts at the top of a plant can boost flowering and seed set. That means applying nutrients to the leaves, where they’re in the right place to be more useable to the plant when it needs them.
A solid crop nutrition plan starts with proper soil sampling and knowing what your baseline soil nutrient levels are. Use that information to build a season-long nutrient plan that accounts for what your plants need, when they need it and where they need it.